What is a muscle knot, why does it happen and what you can do to relieve it
Muscle knots are small, bump-like areas of muscle that can be tender or painful to the touch. The medical term for muscle knots is myofascial trigger points. These knots occur when muscle fibers or the bands of the tissue called fascia underneath them tense and tighten. Myofascial trigger points can cause pain and affect range of motion, so anyone experiencing or have these muscle knots should treat them early.
Common causes of muscle knots include stress and tension, injuries related to repetitive motion and lifting, poor posture, prolonged bed rest or sitting without stretching. For example: a person sitting at a desk for a long period of time can develop muscle knots due to staying in the same position.
Remedies that can be used at home would be to apply a heating pad or ice pack to the area. Practicing good posture and engaging in regular stretching and exercise such as swimming or cycling can help loosen tight muscles. Meditation, yoga, and resting the body will also help with the muscle knots. The most effective way is to see a massage therapist to help relieve the muscle knots.